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Finger pain

Definition

Finger pain is pain in one or more fingers. Injuries and many medical conditions can cause finger pain.

Alternative Names

Pain - finger

Considerations

Nearly everyone has had finger pain at some time. You may have:

Many conditions, such as arthritis, can cause finger pain. Numbness or tingling in the fingers may be a sign of a problem with nerves or blood flow. Redness and swelling can be a sign of infection or inflammation.

Causes

Injuries are a common cause of finger pain. Your finger may become injured from:

Injuries that can cause finger pain include:

Certain conditions can also cause finger pain:

Home Care

Often, care at home is enough to relieve finger pain. Start by avoiding activities that cause finger pain.

If finger pain is due to a minor injury:

If finger pain is due to a medical condition, follow your provider's instructions for self-care. For example, if you have Raynaud phenomenon, take steps to protect your hands from the cold.

When to Contact a Medical Professional

Call your provider if:

What to Expect at Your Office Visit

The provider will do a physical exam, which will include looking at your hand and finger movement.

You will be asked questions about your medical history and symptoms.

You may have an x-ray of your hand.

Treatment depends on the cause of the problem.

References

Raftery AT, Lim E, Östör AJK. Finger pain. In: Raftery AT, Lim E, Östör AJK, eds. Churchill's Pocketbook of Differential Diagnosis. 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Churchill Livingstone; 2014:153-159.

Stearns DA, Peak DA. Hand. In: Walls RM, Hockberger RS, Gausche-Hill M, eds. Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 43.

Swigart CR, Fishman FG. Hand and wrist pain. In: Firestein GS, Budd RC, Gabriel SE, McInnes IB, O'Dell JR, eds. Kelley and Firestein's Textbook of Rheumatology. 10th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2017:chap 50.


Review Date: 10/8/2018
Reviewed By: Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Clinical Associate Professor, Department of Family Medicine, UW Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

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