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Testicle pain

Male reproductive anatomy

Definition

Testicle pain is discomfort in one or both testicles. The pain can spread into the lower abdomen.

Alternative Names

Pain - testicle; Orchalgia; Epididymitis; Orchitis

Causes

The testicles are very sensitive. Even a minor injury can cause pain. In some conditions, abdominal pain may occur before testicle pain.

Common causes of testicle pain include:

Mild pain may be caused by fluid collection in the scrotum, such as:

Home Care

Non-urgent causes of testicle pain, such as minor injuries and fluid collection, can often be treated with home care. The following steps may reduce discomfort and swelling:

Preventive measures to take:

When to Contact a Medical Professional

Sudden, severe testicle pain needs immediate medical care.

Call your provider right away or go to an emergency room if:

Also call your provider right away if:

What to Expect at Your Office Visit

Your provider will do an exam of your groin, testicles, and abdomen. Your provider will ask you questions about the pain such as:

The following tests may be performed:

References

Barthold JS. Abnormalities of the testis and scrotum and their surgical management. In: Wein AJ, Kavoussi LR, Novick AC, Partin AW, eds. Campbell-Walsh Urology. 10th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2012:chap 132. 

Montgomery JS, Bloom DA. The diagnosis and management of scrotal masses. Med Clin North Am. 2011;95:235-244. PMID: 21095426 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/ 21095426.

Trojian TH, Lishnak TS, Heiman D. Epididymitis and orchitis: an overview. Am Fam Physician. 2009;79(7). PMID: 19378875 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19378875.

Wampler SM, Llanes M. Common scrotal and testicular problems. Prim Care. 2010;37:613-626. PMID: 20705202 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/ 20705202.


Review Date: 8/31/2015
Reviewed By: Jennifer Sobol, DO, urologist at the Michigan Institute of Urology, West Bloomfield, MI. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.