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Testicle pain

Male reproductive anatomy

Definition

Testicle pain is discomfort in one or both testicles. The pain can spread into the lower abdomen.

Alternative Names

Pain - testicle

Causes

The testicles are very sensitive. Even a minor injury can cause pain. Abdominal pain may occur before testicle pain in some conditions.

Common causes of testicle pain include:

Mild pain may be caused by fluid collection in the scrotum, such as:

Home Care

Non-urgent causes of testicle pain, such as minor injuries and fluid collection, can often be treated with home care. The following steps may reduce discomfort and swelling:

Preventive measures to take:

When to Contact a Medical Professional

Sudden, severe testicle pain, however, needs immediate medical care.

Call your health care provider immediately or go to an emergency room if:

Also call your health care provider right away if:

What to Expect at Your Office Visit

Your health care provider will do an exam of your groin, testicles, and abdomen. Your health care provider will ask you questions about the pain such as:

The following tests may be performed:

References

Trojian TH, Lishnak TS, Heiman D. Epididymitis and Orchitis: An Overview. Am Fam Physician. April 2009; 79(7).

Wampler SM, Llanes M. Common scrotal and testicular problems. Prim Care. 2010;37:613-626.

Montgomery JS. Bloom DA. The diagnosis and management of scrotal masses. Med Clin North Am. 2011;95:235-244.

Barthold JS. Abnormalities of the testis and scrotum and their surgical management. In: Wein AJ, ed. Campbell-Walsh Urology. 10th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 132.


Review Date: 9/25/2013
Reviewed By: Scott Miller, MD, Urologist in private practice in Atlanta, GA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.